Other atmospheric phenomena list

Lightning storm-related

Everyone has seen lightning bolts during a storm. But other related phenomena, less known and harder to see, exist:


Abestrobi, Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

Ball Lightning

Ball lightnings have been reported for centuries and depicted in many media.
The first reportedly scientific study of the phenomena was accidental, when a Chinese scientists camera caught the ball lightning a distance of less than one kilometer in 2014.
The ball lightning was 5 meters wide, moved slowly, and lasted for 1.5 seconds.
Here’s a slow-motion video of the captured event with the spectrum of light to the right.


Jianyong Cen, Ping Yuan, and Simin Xue, DOI of the scientific article: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.035001

More detailed explanations and resources

Scientific article: Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 035001 (2014) - Observation of the Optical and Spectral Characteristics of Ball Lightning

Sprite

Sprites are large and filament-like red that appear above a storm when there’s a lightning bolt. They last for a very short time and are hardly seen with our eyes.


Stephane Vetter

More detailed explanations and resources

Sprites have been reported since 1886. The first photography was made on July 4, 1994, by scientists from the University of Minnesota:


Many other scientists and amateurs have captured the phenomenon on video and photography since.

Blue Jet

Elf

Other phenomena

Polar Auroras


Martincco, taken near the Lake Inari, Finland, Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International

Mirages


PtrQs, Fata Morgana of a ferry on the Baltic Sea, Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International

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